Sodium sulfate anhydrous (also known as sodium sulphate) is the inorganic compound with molecular formula Na2SO4 just as a few related hydrates. All structures are white solids that are highly soluble in water. With a yearly creation of 6 million tons, the decahydrate is a major commodity chemical product. It is mostly utilized for the production of cleansers and in the kraft procedure of paper pulping.
Sodium sulfate anhydrous is a normal electrostatically bonded ionic sulfate. The existence of free sulfate ions in solution is indicated by the easy formation of insoluble sulfates when these solutions are treated with Ba2+ or Pb2+ salts:
|Na2SO4 + BaCl2 → 2 NaCl + BaSO4|
Sodium sulfate anhydrous is unreactive toward most oxidizing or diminishing specialists. At high temperatures, it very well may be changed over to sodium sulfide via carbothermal decrease (high-temperature warming with charcoal, and so on.)
|Na2SO4 + 2 C → Na2S + 2 CO2|
This response was utilized in the Leblanc procedure, a defunct industrial route to sodium carbonate.
Sodium sulfate anhydrous reacts with sulfuric acid to give the acid salt sodium bisulfate.
|Na2SO4 + H2SO4 ⇌ 2 NaHSO4|
Sodium sulfate anhydrous shows a moderate inclination to form double salts. The main alums framed with basic trivalent metals are NaAl(SO4)2 (shaky over 39 °C) and NaCr(SO4)2, rather than potassium sulfate and ammonium sulfate which structure many stable alums. Double salts with some other alkali metal sulfates are referred to, including Na2SO4·3K2SO4 which happens normally as the mineral aphthitalite. Arrangement of glaserite by the response of sodium sulfate with potassium chloride has been utilized as the premise of a technique for delivering potassium sulfate, a fertilizer. Other double salts incorporate 3Na2SO4·CaSO4, 3Na2SO4·MgSO4 (vanthoffite) and NaF·Na2SO4
Sodium Sulfate Anhydrous Physical properties
Sodium sulfate anhydrous has irregular solvency attributes in water. Its dissolvability in the water rises more than ten times between 0 °C to 32.384 °C, where it arrives at a limit of 49.7 g/100 mL. At this point, the solubility curve changes slope, and the dissolvability turns out to be practically free of temperature. This temperature of 32.384 °C, relating to the arrival of precious stone water and dissolving of the hydrated salt, fills in as a precise temperature reference for thermometer alignment.